2016年7月16日托福综合写作 讨论why gulf sturgeon jump
|Topic 议题：讨论why gulf sturgeon jump|
|Thesis 总论点||There are 3 reasons that can explain why gulf sturgeon jump out of water.||The 3 reasons mentioned in reading can be refuted as follows.|
|They are jumping for flying insects.||They are fully fed in gulf of Mexico in winter, so they do not eat anything in Florida in summer. Moreover, they are seeking food under the sea rather than in the air.|
|They are jumping to get rid of parasites.||It is impossible because the parasites are in their bodies. In addition, some fish like sturgeon with parasites will not jump.|
|They are jumping for aggression. Many tourists have been hurt by sturgeon.||It is not convincing because they also jump while there are no ships.|
Both the reading and listening are discussing 3 reasons that can explain why gulf sturgeon jump out of water. While the passage believes so, the lecturer casts doubt on the writer’s view from the 3 aspects below.
Firstly, in the reading passage, they are jumping for flying insects. On the contrary, the professor says that they are fully fed in gulf of Mexico in winter, so they do not eat anything in Florida in summer. Moreover, they are seeking food under the sea rather than in the air.
Secondly, the professor opposes reading’s idea that they are jumping to get rid of parasites. He states that it is impossible because the parasites are in their bodies. In addition, some fish like sturgeon with parasites will not jump.
Finally, the professor disapproves the reading’s idea that they are jumping for aggression. Many tourists have been hurt by sturgeon. However, the professor claims that it is not convincing because they also jump while there are no ships.
|作文题目：||Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important to have facilities rather than hire more teachers.|
|写作指导： ||Agree： |
|范文指导：||Cradles of cultivating talents, universities are supposed to provide most high-caliber education. Responding to the expectation, universities have to think the issue over. Compared with hiring more teachers, from my own perspective, keeping facilities and resources in the universities most advanced and updated is more essential not only for students but also for renowned professors.|
First of all, students are able to enjoy a better study environment if their schools utilize advanced equipment. With the assistance of exquisite inventions such as electronic screen and projectors, as well as laboratory equipment, like microscopes and chemical reactors, studying would no longer be a tedious and repetitious information engrafting process, but a way everyone would like to get involved in. Similarly, definitions and formulas of physics and chemistry will graven in students’ minds deeply if they are aided by the equipment when experimenting. However, hardly can professors crystalize abstract concepts into definite ideas without advanced teaching devices.
What is more, as for famous teachers themselves, a university that does not invest in its facilities would be appealing. To be constantly enthusiastic on researching their respective academic fields, teachers have a great demand for exquisite facilities to maintain progressing on their own fields. The most sophisticated technological devices offered in universities enable these teachers to conduct successful researches and remain at the top, which is really attractive to those renowned professors. By contrast, old and obsolete teaching and studying facilities will certainly not inspire teachers to keep further academic researching. Also, practically impossible will teachers have interest in making progress.
Granted, it is conceded that hiring more teachers in universities means guaranteeing education quality in some sense because every student will be concerned and cared about. Even slightest and most subtle academic performance changes of students will be noticed; therefore, teachers can encourage and guide frustrated and upsetting students in time. However, while weighing the benefits brought by investing in facilities and hiring more teachers, we can conclude that facilities are more worthwhile.
In conclusion, I should reiterate that universities should update their facilities, making a top priority. Without advanced facilities, a university will not be helped further improved.
|词汇拓展：||utilize: 利用 |